Senate Bill 1137


Recognizing the importance of supporting California’s clean energy transition and protect California communities, Governor Gavin Newsom partnered with legislative leaders to pass a package of climate legislation—including Senate Bill 1137 (SB 1137).   

On September 16, 2022, Governor Gavin Newsom signed SB 1137 (Gonzalez, Chapter 1, Statutes of 2022​) into law. This bill prohibits the issuance of well permits and the construction and operation of new production facilities within a health protection zone of 3,200 feet from a sensitive receptor. In addition, the bill establishes strict engineering controls to be implemented by existing operations within the health protection zone. 

Past Meetings​

Timeline of Key Requirements 

  • January 1, 2023  
    • ​CalGEM will cease to approve well permits within a Health Protection Zone, unless it is necessary to prevent or respond to a threat to public health, safety, or the environment, or to comply with a court order finding that denying approval would amount to a taking of property. 
    • Operators are prohibited from constructing or operating new production facilities in a Health Protection Zone unless associated with an approved well permit or as determined by the division to protect health and safety.   
  • July 1, 2023 
    • All operators must submit an inventory and map of sensitive receptors, and a determination as to whether their wellheads and production facilities are located in a Health Protection Zone. 
  • January 1, 2025 
    • All wells and facilities within a health protection zone must be in compliance with specific health, safety, and environmental requirements. 
    • Operators must develop and submit leak detection and response plans to CalGEM for approval.  
  • January 1, 2026
    • CalGEM approval of the leak detection response plan. ​
  • January 1, 2027 
    • Operators shall suspend all production and injection operations within a Health Protection Zone unless an approved leak detection and response plan is fully implemented. Operators are required to update its plan every five years. 
    • Operators are required to begin annual reporting on the results of their leak detection and response plan, baseline water testing.  
  • July 1, 2027 
    • CalGEM to provide legislative reports to applicable budget and policy committee on implementation of the Health Protection Zone.  


For questions regarding SB 1137, please email: