Abandoned Mine Lands Unit

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Abandoned Mines in California

Did you know that California’s mining history -- before the Legislature passed mine permitting and reclamation legislation in 1975 -- left California with tens o​f thousands of abandoned mines, many dating back to the Gold Rush?​

​You have likely passed within a few miles of a legacy mines, which are present in all 58 counties on federal lands (~64% statewide), privately owned lands (~32%),and lands owned or managed by state agencies and local governments (~4%). 

Abandoned mines are a threat to public health and safety. Almost every year people, pets, livestock, or wildlife are killed or injured in accidents at abandoned mine sites (PDF).
Some mines are sources of mercury, arsenic, acid rock drainage, increased sediment, or other pollutants that contaminate watersheds and degrade water and air quality.

About the Abandoned Mine Lands Unit 

Created in 1997 and comprised of a team of geologists, scientists, and GIS professionals, DMR’s Abandoned Mine Lands Unit (AMLU) addresses public health and safety at abandoned legacy mine sites.​ 

AMLU does this by maintaining a statewide database of abandoned mines, and​ working to remediate public safety and environmental hazards posed by these mines. We accomplish remediation projects by working with local, state, and federal partners.

Quick Facts

  • AMLU partners with multiple state, federal, and local agencies and nongovernmental organizations (PDF), making thousands of hazardous shafts and adits (vertical and horizontal openings) on public lands safer for residents and recreationists. 
  • Mine closures typically target hazardous sites near homes and high visitation areas such as campgrounds, trails, and Off Highway Vehicle parks. 
  • Sources of funding to remediate abandoned mines include state fees collected on gold and silver mined in California, federal funds, and other special funds. 
  • AMLU projects (PDF) include fences, backfills, polyurethane foam (PUF) closures, and a variety of gates and other structures that allow access for bats and other wildlife that use abandoned mines for habitat or shelter while keeping humans safely out
  • Wildlife protections, which are often built by small businesses under contract to the AMLU, bolster local economies that benefit from safe public recreation areas and help to maintain the natural pest control services that bats provide to California’s working lands.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Safe​​​ty

To report an abandoned mine, call DMR on our toll-free hotline at 1-877-OLD-MINE (1-877-6​53-6463) or email us at DMR@conservation.ca.gov

When contacting us, include:
  1. location (e.g., GPS point with latitude and longitude, name of nearest road, etc.), and 
  2. description of the mine site or feature. 
​​Remember: Stay Out – Stay Alive!

In an emergency situation, call 911 or contact your local sheriff's office.

If someone is injured due to a fall or is trapped in an abandoned mine, do not try to rescue the victim yourself. Rescue attempts should only be made by professionals with proper training and equipment to avoid further injury to the victim or yourself.

​Datasets

​Additional Abandoned Mine Resources​

AMLU Facts Sheets