State Mining and Geology Board Statutes and Regulations

Surface Mining and Reclamation Act of 1975 (SMARA)

SMARA Statutes​ and Regulations ​        ​Ongoing Rulemaking

The Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMARA), Chapter 9, Division 2 of the Public Resources Code, requires the State Mining and Geology Board to adopt State policy for the reclamation of mined lands and the conservation of mineral resources.  These policies are prepared in accordance with the Administrative Procedures Act, (Government Code) and are found in California Code​ of Regulations, Title 14, Division 2, Chapter 8, Subchapter 1.

The Surface Mining and Reclamation Act of 1975 (SMARA, Public Resources Code, Sections 2710-2796) provides a comprehensive surface mining and reclamation policy with the regulation of surface mining operations to assure that adverse environmental  impacts are minimized and mined lands are reclaimed to a usable condition.  SMARA also encourages the production, conservation, and protection of the state’s mineral resources. The State Mining and Geology Board is also granted authority and obligations under the following statutes:

​Public Resources Code Section 2207 provides annual reporting requirements for all mines in the state​.

Public Resources Code Section 2208: Site Inspections Conducted by the Department of Conservation.

Public Resources Code Section 10295.5 (a)-(e) and 20676 (a)-(c): Purchase and Use of Mined Materials by State and Local Agencies.

Water Code Section 13397 et seq.: Liability Limitations for Remediation/Reclamation of Abandoned Mines.



EFZA Statutes       EFZA Regulations 

Under the Alquist-Priolo Earthquake Fault Zoning Act, the State Mining and Geology Board is authorized to represent the state’s interests in establishing professional guidelines and standards for geological and geophysical investigations and reports produced by the California Geological Survey, public sector agencies, and private practitioners.  The Board is also authorized to develop specific criteria through regulations that shall be used by affected lead agencies in complying with the provisions of the Act so as to protect the health, safety and welfare of the public.

This Act (Public Resources Code, Chapter 7.5, Section 2621-2630) is intended to provide policies and criteria to assist cities, counties and state agencies in the exercise of their responsibilities to prohibit the location of developments and structures for human occupancy across the trace of active faults as defined by the Board.  Further, it is the intent of this Act to provide the citizens of the state with increased safety and to minimize the loss of life during and immediately following earthquakes by facilitating seismic retrofitting to strengthen buildings, including historical buildings, against ground shaking.



SHM Statutes          SHM Regulations

Under the Seismic Hazards Mapping Act, the State Mining and Geology Board is authorized to provide policy and guidance through regulations for a statewide seismic hazards mapping and technical advisory program to assist cities, counties and state agencies in fulfilling their responsibilities for protecting the public health and safety from the effects of strong ground shaking, liquefaction or other ground failure, landslides and other seismic hazards caused by earthquakes, including tsunami and sieche threats. 

The Seismic Hazards Mapping Act (Public Resources Code, Chapter 7.8, Section 2690-2699.6) establishes the authority to provide programs to identify and map seismic hazards zones in the state in order for cities and counties to adequately prepare the safety element of their general plans, and to encourage land use management policies and regulations that reduce and mitigate those hazards so as to protect public health and safety.


Memoranda of Understanding (MOU)

MOU with US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service and the US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.

MOU with Placer County, CA