The mission of the State Mining and Geology
Board is to provide professional expertise and guidance, and to represent in
the representation of the State’s interest in the development, utilization, and
conservation of mineral resources, the reclamation of mined lands, and the development
and dissemination of geologic and seismic hazard information to protect the
health and welfare of the people of California.
The SMGB is composed of nine members appointed by the Governor, and confirmed by the Senate, for four-year terms. The SMGB serves as a regulatory, policy, and appeals body representing the State's interests in geology, geologic and seismologic hazards, conservation of mineral resources and reclamation of lands following surface mining activities.
The SMGB operates within the Department of Conservation, and is granted certain autonomous responsibilities and obligations under several statutes including the Alquist-Priolo Earthquake Fault Zoning Act, the Seismic Hazards Mapping Act, and the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act. The SMGB's general authority is granted under Public Resources Code (PRC) Sections 660-678. Specifically, PRC Section 662(b) requires all SMGB members to "represent the general public interest".