SACRAMENTO -- A Seismic Hazard Zone map for part of the Silicon Valley that impacts the planning community, developers, property sellers and real estate agents became official today.
If property is located in a zone of required investigation, where liquefaction or landslides could occur during a large earthquake, the local building department must require geologic studies before projects are permitted. Also, property sellers and real estate agents must inform potential buyers if property they're selling is in a Seismic Hazard Zone, as is the case when property is in a designated flood or wildfire zone.
The Seismic Hazard Zone map for the 60-square-mile San Jose West quadrangle released in preliminary form in August by the California Department of Conservation is now official after public review and comment. The map is on file with local government offices, including the planning department, building department and county recorder's office.
Downtown San Jose, the entire city of Campbell and portions of Santa Clara, Los Gatos, Saratoga and Sunnyvale are shown on the map. San Jose State University, Santa Clara University, San Jose International Airport, the civic center and the Compaq Center all are on ground with a potential for liquefaction, according to the map.
Shaking causes most of the damage during earthquakes, and in many cases, it is cost effective to retrofit houses and buildings to minimize damage caused by severe shaking. Local public libraries have a number of publications by the Governor’s Office of Emergency Services, American Red Cross and the Federal Emergency Management Agency that can be used as guides to making homes more earthquake-ready.
Seismic Hazard Zone maps produced by DOC's California Geological Survey show areas at risk from the secondary earthquake hazards of landslides and liquefaction, which also can be dangerous. It is generally not as cost effective to retrofit an existing building for the impacts of liquefaction or landslides as it is to build in safety features at the design stage. Therefore, design changes are required before new developments are approved and constructed in order to be effective. Changes made during the planning phase can lessen the impact and better protect life and property during future earthquakes. The new maps are an important tool that land developers will use to insure project feasibility.
Eight maps affecting Northern California are now official. The effort to identify and map seismic hazards is ongoing. Preliminary Seismic Hazard Zone maps for the Cupertino and Los Gatos quadrangles are expected to be released in March, and other mapping work is being done in the Oakland, Alameda and Richmond areas.
Color copies of official maps can be purchased through DOC's California Geological Survey (415) 904-7707 or (916) 445-5716. The maps also can be found on DOC's Web site in PDF format.
In addition to studying and mapping earthquakes and other geologic phenomena, the Department of Conservation maps and classifies areas containing mineral deposits; ensures reclamation of land used for mining; regulates oil, gas and geothermal wells; administers agricultural and open-space land conservation programs; and promotes beverage container recycling.