by Bruce Bolt
Bolt, Bruce (1999). The Consortium of Organizations for Strong-Motion Observation System (COSMOS) - Mission and Objectives. SMIP99
Seminar on Utilization of Strong-Motion Data, p. 117 - 120.
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Many present will remember and even have taken part in, the sequence of meetings, working groups, committees, and report writings over thirty or
more years that were aimed at funding, strengthening, and consolidating the diverse strong-motion instrument systems in the earthquake
vulnerable parts of the United States. There was therefore widespread satisfaction with the announcement in 1998 that a Consortium of Organizations
for Strong-Motion Observation Systems (COSMOS) had been formed. The decisive initiative was a National Science Foundation
Vision 2005 report written during a 1977 national workshop, chaired by J. Carl Stepp. This initiative went hand in hand with a statement (October 1997) on the future
of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, under the auspices of the U.S. Geological Survey, prepared by a committee chaired by Roger Borcherdt
(U.S.G.S Open File Report 97-530B).