by H. Krawinkler and B. Alavi
Krawinkler, H., and B. Alavi (1998). Development of Improved Design Procedures for Near Fault Ground Motions. SMIP98
Seminar on Utilization of Strong-Motion Data, p. 21 - 42.
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The results of the study summarized here are intended to shed light on some of the important issues that affect the
response of structures to near fault ground motions. Attempts are presented to identify salient response characteristics,
to describe near fault ground motions by properties of equivalent pulses, and to utilize the pulse response
characteristics to define behavior attributes of structures when subjected to near fault ground motions. The ultimate
objective is to develop improved design procedures. Preliminary recommendations are made in this respect, but it must be
understood that much more work needs to be done before comprehensive answers will be found.