by Rakesh Goel
Goel, Rakesh (2004). Evaluation of Nonlinear Static Procedures Using Strong-Motion Building Records. SMIP04
Seminar on Utilization of Strong-Motion Data, p. 61 - 82.
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The objective of this investigation is to evaluate the FEMA-356 Nonlinear Static
Procedure (NSP), the Sum-Difference procedure, and the Modal Pushover Analysis (MPA)
procedure using recorded motions of buildings that were damaged during the 1994 Northridge
earthquake. It is found the FEMA-356 NSP and the Sum-Difference procedures typically
underestimates the drifts in upper stories and overestimates them in lower stories.
The MPA procedure provides estimates of drifts that are better compared to the FEMA-356 NSP
and the Sum-Difference procedure. In particular, the MPA procedure is able to capture
the effects of higher modes.