by Charles Kircher
Kircher, Charles (2003). Near-Real-Time Loss Estimation using HAZUS and ShakeMap Data. SMIP03
Seminar on Utilization of Strong-Motion Data, p. 59 - 66.
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This paper describes real-time damage and loss estimation using the HAZUS earthquake loss
estimation technology and ShakeMap data, and provides an example comparison of predicted
and observed losses for the 1994 Northridge earthquake.
HAZUS [NIBS, 1999, Kircher et al., 1997a/1997b, Whitman et al., 1997] is the standardized
earthquake loss estimation methodology developed by the National Institute of Building
Sciences (NIBS) for the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
HAZUS was originally developed to assist emergency response planners to "provide local, state
and regional officials with the tools necessary to plan and stimulate efforts to reduce risk from
earthquakes and to prepare for emergency response and recovery from an earthquake."
HAZUS can also be used to make regional estimates of damage and loss following and
earthquake using ground motion, ShakeMap, data provided by the United States Geological
Survey (USGS) as part of Tri-Net in Southern California [Wald et al., 1999] or by other regional
strong-motion instrumentation networks.